System 4
System 4 Terms
Structuring Your Organization
Our Three Brains
Three Brains: Yes we have three brains. They work independently of one another and yet they seek a creative balance
together. (This theme was first introduced in
Fisherman's Guide.)

One Old Brain: One of our brains is very old. It began to evolve when the amphibians crawled onto land to give rise to the
reptilian age. It is over 400 million years old and yet it remains structured into the anatomy of our human brain. It includes
also the brains of the lower mammals, such as the horse and the cow.

Two New Brains: Two of our brains are newer. They are the two hemispheres of the neocortex. They bloomed with the
higher mammals, with dogs, seals, whales, elephants, and primates. They reached their zenith with humans.

Language: It was language that gave the two hemispheres of the human brain separate jobs. Language allows us to
substitute words for elements of experience. We can deal with things that have happened through language. We can make
sense of the past and learn from it. We can also make plans for the future. We can span space and time. We can integrate
our history.  

Right & Left Brains: But this left brain ability to think and speak in words brought with it a right brain sense of wonder
about how things work. We had to develop a right-brain intuition about how experience is ordered so we could provide for
our needs. We also became acutely aware of death.

Cosmic Order: So our right brain intuition began to seek out the cosmic order. Language made us seek to understand
how everything works. We must integrate our history, the whole of history. We need a framework of understanding to invest
life with meaning. And creation myths won't do in a global society. We need direct intuitive insight into how the cosmic order
works.

Three Dimensions: So there are three dimensions to human experience. Our right-brain is intuitive and holistic. It seeks
out integrated meaning and
potential. Our left brain is social. It uses language to formulate a commitment to behavior. Our
old brain is anchored to our evolutionary history. It emotionally assesses our
performance.
  • The right and left brains are connected by the corpus callosum.
  • In the 1960's this huge interconnecting nerve bundle was surgically cut to relieve severe epileptic seizures in a number of
    patients. The surgery helped to restore normal function.  
  • Tests on these people by Roger Sperry proved conclusively that our right and left brains do in fact work independently.
  • The right brain is generally holistic, mute, and intuitive. It seeks insight into integrating themes to generate creative ideas.
    It implicitly accesses insight through a sense of wonder.
  • Only the left brain can speak and it deals extensively in language, logic and reason. It works out explicit techniques of
    behavior and it commits the body to act.
  • The right brain designs a house. The left brain builds it.
  • The new brains are fueled by the old brain. It supplies the energy to and from the autonomic nervous system to wonder,
    think, and act. We respond to felt needs and judge our performance by emotional balance. The old brain is called the
    Limbic System.
  • It has long been scientifically accepted that the old and new brains work separately. Thought and feeling often don't get
    along.
The Old and New Brains:
  • The cerebral hemispheres of the brain have been compared to a TV screen which can reflect emotional experience in
    conscious awareness and respond accordingly. The cerebral hemispheres and the autonomic nervous system evolved
    together in concert.
  • Humans are vertebrate animals. The human brain evolved from the reptilian and mamalian brains in three distinct steps
    associated with the reptiles, lower mammals, and higher mammals.
  • The first amphibians that crawled onto land had three cerebral brain bulges but they were all undeveloped. Each bulge
    bloomed with the themes of three successive evolutionary epochs.
  • During the reptilian epoch the first brain bulge blossomed while the other two didn't. Reptiles can reflect emotional
    experience in conscious awareness but they can't modulate or alter their responses. A crocodile has a very limited
    emotional repertoire.
  • But during the very long reptilian age, that ended with the collapse of the dinosaurs, a great many species explored a
    vast range of stereotyped behaviors and their emotional patterns.
  • The first mammals diverged from the reptiles about 160 million years before the demise of the dinosaurs, but they
    remained small rodent-like creatures that didn't diversify.
  • The lower mammals began to diversify just before the end of the reptilian period, and this marked an expansive
    development of the second bulge in the cerebral brain, with a limited growth of the third bulge. The second brain bulge
    outpaced the reptilian bulge and it had a small degree of independence from it. It also outpaced the modest expansion of
    the third brain bulge.
  • The first two bulges nevertheless formed a functionally integrated cerebral brain that is directly connected to the
    autonomic nervous system. The connection is largely through the nerve bundle called the fornix as shown. The fornix
    transmits from the old brain via a brain structure called the hypothalamus to both divisions of the autonomic nervous
    system.
  • The lower mammals thus became invested with a greater ability to consciously reflect on their emotional input and
    modulate and alter their emotional responses. A horse is more emotionally responsive than a crocodile. It can learn, be
    trained, and develop some empathy with humans.
  • With the higher mammals, with the cat, dog, dolphin, monkey, ape and so on, came an explosive growth of the third brain
    bulge. This provided a much enhanced ability to reflect on emotional input and develop a varied repertoire of responses.
    A dog is much more agile and responsive than a horse. They can develop very strong bonds with humans and learn to
    understand a significant vocabulary.
  • With humans the hemispheres of the third bulge, or new brain, expanded to enfold the first two bulges inward around the
    top of the brain stem.
  • The first two bulges form the limbus or edge of the cerebral cortex and so are called the Limbic Cortex. Together with
    other old structures in the brain they make up the old brain (Limbic System).
  • So humans remain emotionally anchored to our vertebrate animal ancestry that is hard wired into our brains. We can
    draw on an immense range of emotional patterns spanning 400 million years of evolutionary history. And we strive to
    integrate that history and bring it to emotional balance with our social commitments in everything that we do.

  • A fourth major step in our evolution was the development of language. This delegated separate jobs to our right and left
    cerebral hemispheres. As this step developed we became human with greatly enhanced creative powers. No creature on
    earth can match our creative abilities. We have assumed responsibility for the planet and we also remain anchored to our
    natural history.
The Six Domains of Thought & Feeling:
  • There are six domains of thought that work in polar pairs to provide insight into the three dimensions of experience
    associated with our three brains.
  • Insight into our potential dimension is provided by a mute polar relationship between intuitive idea development and our
    available resources of integrating themes accessed through wonder.  
  • Integrating themes are archetypal memory patterns that are accessible from a master sensorium of all experience.
    Access to them varies according to our individual talents and learned capabilities.
  • We may conceive of the germ of the greatest idea in the world, but if we don't have personal access to the resource
    capacity to develop it, then it will remain the sterile germ of an idea.
  • Conversely, we may have been blessed with great natural talents and capabilities and yet not develop ideas to translate
    this into creative potential. This polar relationship between idea creation and resource capacity provides insight into our
    personal potential dimension.
  • Insight into our commitment dimension is provided by the polar relationship of the logic of language and reason to
    organized input from our social environment. Language is a social tool and it has evolved with our cultural traditions.
  • We use language to formulate and express our behavior according to acceptable standards of social organization. This
    polar relationship between language applied to behavior and our organized social context is what provides insight into
    our commitment dimension.
  • Insight into our performance dimension is provided by the polar relationship between our emotional feelings of need
    and emotional feedback from our expressed responses to need.
  • Since our emotional feelings of need are anchored to our whole evolutionary history, they can be very deeply felt. They
    can also relate to a timeless sense of the cosmic order from our felt need to integrate our experience and make sense of
    it. These feelings can provide long-term guidance.  
  • So emotional feedback from our immediate commitments to behavior are seen in polar relationship to our historic
    integration of feelings according to how we live our lives. This provides us with polar insight into our performance
    dimension. We feel the value of our actions.
  • The two divisions of the autonomic nervous system work in mirrored reflection to the cerebral hemispheres, with the old
    brain acting as the mirroring pivot or axis between thought and feeling.
  • The sympathetic division fuels the patterned energies for immediate thought and action. It works in accord with the left
    brain. It's energies are archetypal and are patterned for short term needs.
  • The parasympathetic division provides patterned restraint to the sympathetic division and it works in accord with the right
    brain.  It's archetypal energies are patterned for long term interests.
  • For example energetic feelings of running a sprint must be restrained when running a marathon. An archetypal plan is
    needed for a marathon that paces the sympathetic expenditure of energies.
  • Meditation techniques employ reflection across the axis of our old brain. They generally focus on stilling left brain thought
    and related sympathetic emotions to facilitate the arousal of more timeless parasympathetic archetypal energies
    concerned with spanning space and time and integrating history. A common technique is to count the breaths to 5 or 10
    and keep repeating this to stop the mental verbiage that often captures our thoughts on a meaningless treadmill. The
    breath is an autonomic process that we are consciously aware. Still the discursive intellect can arouse more meaningful
    parasympathetic intuitive patterns of experience.
  • These ideas are more thoroughly developed in Fisherman's Guide to the Cosmic Order.
The Enneagram & The Brain:
The six pointed sequence of System 4 (the enneagram) generates the six particular domains of thought and feeling. They
provide structural insight in polar pairs as shown. The universal terms regulate and integrate them.
  • Term 1 is emotional perception of need.
  • Term 8 is balanced response and balancing energy supply with demaind.
  • Term 2 is creation of idea.
  • Term 7 is resource capacity to develop idea.
  • Term 4 is organized context and sensory input.
  • Term 5 is thought & behavioral action.
  • Term 9 is integrated universal discretion.
  • Term 3 is transference of idea to a form of behavior.
  • Term 6 is the corporeal body, our flesh & blood.
For how the enneagram actually works refer to System 4 and System 4 Terms. The sequence of term trans-formations can
be traced synapse by synapse through the structure of the nervous system. This is developed in
Fisherman's Guide and
more rigorously in
Science & Cosmic Order. The three polar dimensions also apply to structuring any business for optimum
results. This is fully developed in
Enlightened Management. A summary is presented in the article Structuring Your
Organization
.


Transcending the Creative Process:
The System of delineating how the cosmic order works provides an accurate insight into the evolutionary process and how
we evolved three brains through four levels of vertebrate evolution. The structure of our brain anatomy and its
neurophysiology itself confirms the accuracy of the System in showing how the cosmic order works. However insight into the
cosmic order as a universally intelligent process integrating history must itself transcend the whole of history. It must
transcend the whole of space and time. In understanding this it allows us to bring our creative endeavors into a sustainable
balance with the evolutionary process. Our right-brain insight into the cosmic order can find left-brain social expression in
an emotionally balanced manner via our old brain that is consistent with our own evolution. The three brains can work in
harmony with the cosmic process by which we have evolved.  In this way we can learn to make our social commitments in
balanced ways that need never die. Our creative endeavors can find timeless or eternal value. The ultimate reality is
universal values - truth, justice, compassion, love, unity - and these are not things of the flesh. Various aspects of this
theme run through all of the material presented on the website.



Note: The approach used here is different in kind to the nine personality types of the enneagram that have gained
popularity in recent years. The cosmic order structurally embraces all possible varieties of experience. It is not restricted to
a limited number of archetypal behavioral patterns. These may evolve as they will. For example the three polar dimensions
of experience must apply to any socially developed intelligent life form anywhere in the universe. Any intelligence must have
some degree of insight into the cosmic order and how things work, however meager, in order to function at all. This
compares to right brain insight and it must be generated from some sort of memory of past events. Recall of that memory
must emote energy patterns. This compares to the way our old brain works. These recalled patterns must be tailored to
make relevant connections to ongoing circumstance in a way that permits anticipated future results. There must be a
spanning of space and time. And in any socially developed species with a high degree of collective creative potential there
must be some form of communication between individuals synonymous with left brain language. So the three dimensions
must always be in evidence. Personality types relate to stereotypical behavior and not to universal structural realities of the
cosmic order. All of us have our strengths and weaknesses and we need ways of using the former to redeem the latter. The
point here is that this structural approach to the cosmic order presented here can add new dimensions to self improvement
that can facilitate other more behaviorally oriented approaches.
System 4
System 4 Terms
Structuring Your Organization
Inside Our Three Brains
The Nervous System - Part 2 - Cerebellum
The Nervous System - Part 2 - Cerebellum
Language, 3 Races, 3 Brains
ABSTRACT
We have three brains which work independently of one another and yet seek a creative balance together. Thus, there are
three dimensions to human experience. Our right-brain is intuitive and holistic. It intuitively seeks out integrated patterns of
meaning as a framework of understanding that we implicitly relate to. Our left brain is social. It uses language to formulate a
commitment to behavior consistent with intuitive frameworks that we may entertain. Our old brain is anchored to our
evolutionary history. It too is Janus faced. It emotionally fuels our thoughts and behavior on the one hand and it assesses
our performance on the other. Our thoughts and behavior intuitively seek an emotional balance between the two faces.

Key Words: Cosmic Order, System 4, three brains, right brain, left brain, old brain, human experience.
Introduction to the System
The Two Faces of Our Three Brains